Fri March 1st 2013 11:30 ZH286 | Seminar | Optimal Stirring for Passive Scalar Mixing Charles R. Doering |

## Details:We address the challenge of optimal incompressible stirring to mix an initially inhomogeneous distribution of passive tracers. As a measure for mixing we adopt the H^{-1} norm of the scalar fluctuation field. This 'mix-norm' is equivalent to (the square root of) the variance of a low-pass filtered image of the tracer concentration field, and is a useful gauge even in the absence of molecular diffusion. This mix-norm's vanishing as time progresses is evidence of the stirring flow's mixing property in the sense of ergodic theory. For the case of a periodic spatial domain with a prescribed instantaneous energy or power budget for the stirring, we determine the flow field that instantaneously maximizes the decay of the mix-norm, i.e., the instantaneous optimal stirring --- when such a flow exists. When no such 'steepest descent' stirring exists, we determine the flow that maximizes that rate of increase of the rate of decrease of the norm. This local-in-time stirring strategy is implemented computationally on a benchmark problem and compared to an optimal control approach utilizing a restricted set of flows.References: Journal of Fluid Mechanics 675, 465-476 (2011); Journal of Mathematical Physics 53, 115611 (2012). |