Wed September 25th 2019
16:00 – 17:00
Seminar Non-universal transition to condensate formation in two-dimensional turbulence
Moritz Linkmann


Two-dimensional (2d) and quasi-2d flows occur at macro- and mesoscale in a variety of physical systems. Examples include stratified layers in Earth's atmosphere and the ocean, soap films and more recently also dense bacterial suspensions, where the collective motion of microswimmers induces patterns of mesoscale vortices. A characteristic feature of 2d turbulence is the occurrence of an inverse energy cascade. In absence of large-scale friction the inverse energy cascade results in the formation of large-scale coherent structures, so-called condensates. We here study the formation of the condensate as a function of the kind and amplitude of the forcing. Direct numerical simulations show that the condensate does not appear gradually but in a phase transition. For prescribed energy dissipation the transition is second order; for active matter, where the forcing is due to a small-scale instability, the transition is first order. The phase transition separates two markedly different types of 2d turbulence: in turbulence with a condensate, energy input is predominantly balanced by dissipation in the condensate and intermediate scales follow an inertial cascade; without a condensate dissipation is spread over the intermediate scales and the properties of the energy transfer are noticeably different and non-universal.
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The 10th Complex Motion in Fluids 2021
Max Planck Gesellschaft
Centre for Scientific Computing